Surgical Masks Classification

EN 14683:2005

Mask Classifier Standart

This European Standard specifies construction and performance requirements, and test methods for surgical masks intended to limit the transmission of infectivea gents from staff to patients and (in certain situations vice;versa) during surgical procedures in operating theatres and other medical settings with similar requirements.

This European Standard is not applicable to masks intended exclusively for the personal protection of staff.

This standard is intended to help facilitate the choice of surgical face masks in the European Market by standardizing the information and performance data required for the masks.

There are three test methods used to classify surgical masks:

1. Bacterial Filtration Efficiency in vitro (BFE) (ASTM F2101-­‐07)

This test is used to determine the amount of infective agent that is retained by the surgical facemask, which is directly related to the amount of bacteria released through the mask into the air of the surgical theatre.


BFE => 95% TYPE I

BFE => 98%  TYPE II

2. Breathing Resistance (Delta P)

This test is used to determine the resistance airflow of the facemask. Classification:

TYPE I & II (non splash resistant) = < 29.4 Pa/cm2

TYPE IR & IIR (splash resistant) = < 49.0 Pa/cm2

3. Splash Resistance (ASTM F1862-­‐07)

This test is used to determine the resistance penetration of potentially contaminated fluid splashes.


TYPE I & TYPE II not applicable

TYPE IR & TYPE IIR  >120 mmHg

120 mmHg is a minimum value. It corresponds to the average systolic arterial blood pressure, and intends to protect against ruptures in small arteries causing small sprays of blood. Some products off  protection         even  in  excess of  the  120 mmHg.

Minimum Performance Requirements According to the New Facemask Standard

EU Standard ClassBacterial Filtration EfficiencyBreathing Resistance
Splash Resistance (mmHg)
Type I95%< 29.4NA
Type IR95%< 49.0>120
Type II98%< 29.4NA
Type IIR98%< 49.0< 49.0 > 120

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